Project Description

Key Ingredients in CBD Formulations

Cannabidiol (CBD)

Cannabinoids (like CBD, THC, CBN, CBG) are complex chemical compounds that act on receptors in cells. Cannabinoids, like CBD and THC, are produced by both the hemp and marijuana plant. However, unlike THC, you will feel neither intoxicated nor “stoned” when consuming a CBD product, assuming the THC is at 0.3% or less. The hemp and marijuana plant are both genus of cannabis sativa, but with varying differences.

  • Marijuana typically grows with higher percentages of THC (psychoactive; causes “high”), and lower percentages of CBD (non-psychoactive; no “high”).
  • Hemp grows with higher percentages of CBD, and lower percentages of THC.
Medicinal Properties of CBDEffects
AntiemeticReduces nausea and vomiting
AnticonvulsantSuppresses seizure activity
AntipsychoticCombats psychosis disorders
Anti-inflammatoryCombats inflammatory disorders
AntioxidantCombats neurodegenerative disorders
Anxiolytic/AntidepressantCombats anxiety and depression disorders


The minuscule glands (trichomes) of the hemp plant that excrete cannabinoids also produce terpenes, which are what gives both hemp and marijuana their distinct aromas. Terpenes are not exclusive to the cannabis sativa plant, and can be found throughout nature. In addition to providing these pungent aromas, terpenes are used to attract pollinators, to repel pests and herbivores, and they’ve been used by humans for beauty and pharmaceutical products for centuries.

Although terpenes are naturally occurring in full-spectrum oil, which we use in the majority of our products, we further enhance the benefits of our products by including higher concentrations with our proprietary terpene blends. We aren’t just relying on the medicinal benefits of CBD with our products. We include cannabinoids (prodominantly CBD) and terpenes at very specific concentrations because CBD and terpenes work synergistically. We also include additional therapeutic plant compounds, which have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-anxiety effects. Listed below are examples of the various plant extracts and terpenes included in our proprietary blends, as well as their associated therapeutic benefits.

All ingredients are added by our staff toxicologist and pharmacologist with precision and intention.

Beta-CaryophylleneAnalgesic, Antibacterial, Antidepressant, Anti-Inflammatory, Antioxidant, Anxiolityc, NeuroprotectantSpicy, Pepper
Beta-MyrceneAnalgesic, Antibacterial, Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Insomnia, Antipsychotic, AntispasmodicSweet, Hoppy
LinaloolAnalgesic, Antidepressant, Anti-Epileptic, Anti-Inflammatory, Antipsychotic, Anxiolytic, SedativeFloral, Lavender
L and D-LimoneneAntidepressant, Anti-Fungal, Anti-Inflammatory, Anxiolytic, ImmunostimulantCitrus
Alpha and Beta-PineneAnalgesic, Antibacterial, Anti-Inflammatory, AntioxidantPine, Earthy
BorneolAnalgesic, Antibacterial, Anti-Fungal, Anti-Inflammatory, AntioxidantSpicy, Cinnamon
TerpinoleneAntibacterial, Anti-Fungal, Anti-Insomnia, AntioxidantSmokey, Woody
EucalyptolAnalgesic, Antibacterial, Anti-Fungal, Anti-Inflammatory, AntioxidantMinty, Sweet
CBD oil ingredients

Beta Caryophyllene (BCP)

BCP is a dietary cannabinoid  that binds with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), yet it presents itself as a terpene. We use BCP in all of our products, as it works synergistically with CBD to enhance its effects within the human body. CBD barely binds with the CB2 receptors, and not at all with CB1, however it does facilitate the binding of other molecules, such as THC (CB1) or Beta Caryophyllene (CB2). This means that we experience longer, and more effective periods of anti-inflammation when BCP is paired with CBD.  Found naturally in black pepper and cloves, BCP has also shown promise in treating anxiety, stress, as well as other behavioral and mood disorders, and it has even shown to negate paranoia from over consumption of THC.


One of the two isomers of pinene, alpha-pinene can be found in a myriad of plants, such as rosemary, basil, but most notably pine trees. Studies have found alpha-pinene to be an anti-inflammatory and an antibiotic. It has also been shown to increase alertness, and has historically worked well as a bronchodilator. This highly beneficial, and pivotal terpene is included in nearly all of our proprietary terpene blends to enhance CBD effectiveness.

CBD oil ingredients


This citrus-smelling terpene is relatively stable, and the most common of the limonene isomers. It’s therapeutic properties range from anti-inflammation, anti-anxiety, and antifungal. Limonene also assists in the absorption of other terpenes, which is why it is included in all of our topical terpene blends, as well as many of our other CBD products.

CBD oil ingredients


This monoterpene is commonly found in mangos and hops, and is an analgesic with sedative properties. A powerful anti-inflammatory, and highly effective in decreasing the sensation of pain, yet myrcene has no known neurobehavioral effects.


This optical isomer is most commonly found in lavender and jasmine, and offers a mild, inoffensive floral scent. Linalool has been used as a calmative for thousands of years, due to its anxiolytic and sedative properties, but it is also imperative to the production of vitamin-E within the body. This isomer enhances the effects of our CBD products and blends.


MCT (medium-chain triglycerides) oil is a form of saturated fatty acid that has been associated with various health benefits, such as long-lasting, improved cognition, increased energy metabolismweight management , and increased satiety. It is used in several of our products to include our sublingual drops, oral drops for both cats and dogs, and our roll-on remedies.

Tea Tree Oil

A volatile essential oil with a camphorous scent, tea tree oil is well-known for its powerful antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties. As such, we include tea tree oil in all of our topicals to assist with various skin conditions related to bacteria and inflammation.

CBD oil ingredients

Vitamin E

Vitamin E sourced from non-GMO soy is used in our sublingual drops and topicals. It is anti-inflammatory, a powerful, fat-soluble antioxidant, and essential for normal neurological function.

Valerian Root

Valerian root is a perennial flowering plant, and has been used as a medicinal herb since ancient Greece and Rome. Studies have shown it increases he amount of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain, which helps regulate nerve cells, resulting in a calming effect. As such, we use valerian root in our Calming products to reduce stress levels and anxiety, and to assist with insomnia.

CBD oil ingredients

Green Tea Extract

Green tea extract is an antioxidant, which has also been shown to reduce damage from free radicals. Additionally, amino acids within green tea have been shown to improve learning and memory capabilities.

shea butter

Shea Butter

Shea butter is a fat extracted from the nut of the African shea tree. It is often used in cosmetics due to its emollient properties, but is also a known anti-inflammatory. Shea butter is one of the primary ingredients in the base of all our topicals.

CBD oil ingredients


Capsaicin is an active ingredient in chili peppers, responsible for the sense of “hotness”. It is often used in topical ointments as an analgesic for both muscle and joint pain, and is used in nearly all of our topicals and CBD ointments.

CBD oil ingredients


Menthol is a crystalline substance made from corn mint, peppermint, or other mint oils. It is used often in topical analgesics for pain, but also as a penetration enhancer. Menthol is used in nearly all of our topicals.